Upset the "Evolution Scheme" that is Sought
to be Constituted
On the earth, there are distinctively designed
systems of enormous perfection within the bodies
of millions of living beings. The vast diversity
and detailed design in all living beings from
the smallest to the biggest shows us the infinite
Power of our Creator.
Unsurprisingly, when the issue is evaluated as a whole,
it is seen that the subject of "bio-chemical similarities"
does not constitute evidence for evolution, but rather
leaves the theory in the lurch. Dr. Christian Schwabe,
a biochemistry researcher from the Medical Faculty of
South Carolina University, is an evolutionist scientist
who has spent years searching for evidence for evolution
in the molecular domain. In particular he carried out
research on insulin and relaxin-type proteins and tried
to establish evolutionary relationships between living
beings. However, he had to confess many times that he
could not find any evidence for evolution at any point
in his studies. In an article published in a scientific
journal, he said;
Molecular evolution is about to be accepted as a method
superior to palaeontology for the discovery of evolutionary
relationships. As a molecular evolutionist I should
be elated. Instead it seems disconcerting that many
exceptions exist to the orderly progression of species
as determined by molecular homologies; so many in fact
that I think the exception, the quirks, may carry the
more important message.21
Based on the recent findings obtained in the field
of molecular biology, the renowned biochemist Prof.
Michael Denton made the following comments;
Each class at molecular level is unique, isolated and
unlinked by intermediates. Thus, molecules, like fossils,
have failed to provide the elusive intermediates so
long sought by evolutionary biology… At a molecular
level, no organism is "ancestral" or "primitive"
or "advanced" compared with its relatives…
There is little doubt that if this molecular evidence
had been available a century ago… the idea of organic
evolution might never have been accepted.22
Similarities are not Evidence for
Evolution but for Creation
It is surely natural for the human body to bear some
molecular similarities to other living beings, because
they all are made up of the same molecules, they all
use the same water and atmosphere, and they all consume
foods consisting of the same molecules. Certainly, their
metabolisms and therefore genetic make-ups would resemble
one another. This, however, is not evidence that they
evolved from a common ancestor.
This "common material" is not the result
of an evolution but of "common design", that
is, their being created upon the same plan.
It is possible to explain this matter with an example;
all construction in the world is done with similar materials
(brick, iron, cement, etc.). This, however, does not
mean that these buildings "evolved" from each
other. They are constructed separately by using common
materials. The same holds for living beings as well.
Life did not originate as the result of unconscious
coincidences as evolution claims, but as the result
of the creation of God, the Almighty, the possessor
of infinite knowledge and wisdom.
In addition to all the information we have detailed
so far, we think it would be helpful to emphasize another
Other than the superficial similarity between them,
apes are no closer to human beings than other animals.
Moreover, when intelligence is used as a point of comparison,
the bee, which produces the geometrical wonder of the
honeycomb, or the spider, which produces the engineering
wonder of the web, are closer to man than the ape. We
can even say that they are superior in some aspects.
Lord said to the angels, Iam going to create a
human being out of clay. When Ihave formed him
and breathed into him of My Spirit, fall down
in prostration to him!
(Surah Sad: 71-72)
Between man and ape, however, there is a tremendous
gap, never to be closed by fairy stories. After all,
an ape is an animal no different from a horse or a dog
in terms of consciousness. Man, however, is a being
who has consciousness and will, who can think, talk,
reason, decide, and judge. All these qualities are functions
of the "spirit" he possesses. The most important
difference that causes this huge gap between man and
other living beings is this "spirit". No physical
resemblance can close this gap between man and other
living beings. The only being that has "spirit"
in nature is man.
In the Qur'an, this superior quality which man possesses
and which differentiates him from other living things
is referred to as follows:
Then He formed him and breathed His
Spirit into him and gave you hearing, sight and hearts.
What little thanks you show! (Surat as-Sajda: 9)
Christian Schwabe, "On the Validity of Molecular Evolution",
Trends in Biochemical Sciences, July 1986
22 Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory
in Crisis. London: Burnett Books, 1985, p. 290-291.