Games of Cancer Cells
must not be forgotten that cancer cells are original
body cells that carry the molecular character of the
human being. In consequence, it is difficult for the
defence cells to identify cancer cells. Furthermore,
cancer cells manage to win over some antibodies by
a method undiscovered to date.
As we have mentioned, antibodies are a type of protein
that stops the activities of enemy cells. However,
for some unknown reason, cancer cells are adversely
affected by the antibodies. Instead of stopping, their
activities increase, resulting in the rapid and forceful
spreading of the tumour.
Antibodies, which bind themselves on to the surface
of the cancer cell, "collaborate" with the
cancer cell in a sense. Other antibodies do not touch
a cancer cell having an antibody attached to it. Hence,
the cancer cell is perfectly camouflaged.
Collaboration between antibodies and cancer cells
can reach even broader dimensions. There are also
occasions where cancer cells combine with antibodies
to form "pseudo supressor T cells". These
pseudo suppressor T cells misinform antibodies by
relaying the message that there is "no danger".
More sinister situations also develop whereby the
cancer cells develop into "Pseudo Helper T cells"
instead of the pseudo suppressor T cells. In such
situations, the message is delivered to a bigger number
of antibodies. There can be no more convenient environment
possible for the development of cancer cells.
Additionally, cancer cells may sometimes spread "trap
antigens" in order to protect themselves from
a possible attack by the defence system. These tumours
spread out such large amounts of antigens from their
surface that the blood stream is inundated with them.
These antigens, however, are fake and cause no harm
to the human body. However, the antibodies are not
aware of this and they respond without delay by instigating
a war against them.
this chaos, the real and dangerous cancer cells continue
to function, going undisturbed and undiscovered by
In the previous chapters we discussed viruses and
explained the importance of their role in the life
of humans. Among these viruses, the most dangerous
and harmful is the "HIV virus", which has
preoccupied researchers for a long time and may well
continue to do so for some time to come. Unlike other
viruses, this micro organism totally inactivates the
defence system. It is impossible for a human being
with a malfunctioning defence system to survive.
The HIV virus causes irreversible damages to the human
body by causing the defence system to collapse, making
it vulnerable to all kinds of diseases, eventually
giving rise to various fatal conditions. It has occupied
researchers for many years, resulting in a sense of
desperation and hopelessness. The Journal of Bilim
ve Teknik (Science and Technology), published in August
1993, made the following statement:
we learn, the less certain we become." This
statement is the most common answer to a public
survey carried out among 150 of the most recognized
researchers worldwide, studying AIDS. This was published
in the weekly scientific journal Science. No one
can make certain judgments based on the theses that
have been advocated for years. Views, which were
considered absolutely correct are now being pushed
aside after they have been revealed to rely on shaky
grounds. Inevitably, the end result is such that
even long established theories about AIDS and its
effective cause, the HIV virus are once again being
reviewed and their validity being questioned. 11
In the picture above on the left you can see a healthy lymp node. Above on the right, the picture shows a lymph node damaged by the AIDS virus.
the passage of time, the issues have intensified rather
than become resolved. To date there remains numerous
unanswered questions, and the advent of new inventions
has served only increase the number of these unanswered
questions. AIDS still remains a mystery for mankind.
One of the most important facts known about the HIV
virus is that it enters only some and not all the
cells of human beings. Its main target is the helper
T cells, which are the most effective elements of
the defence system. This is a very important point.
Among numerous types of cells, the virus chooses those
cells of the defence system which are, in effect,
the most beneficial for it and this instigates the
destruction of the human body.
When T cells, the vital elements of the defence system,
are seized, the defence system is deprived of its
brain team, and is no longer able to recognize the
enemy. This could be regarded as an ingenious war
tactic. An army without any effective communication
and intelligence systems would be considered to have
lost its main strength.
Furthermore, the antibodies produced by the human
body do not harm the AIDS virus. AIDS patients continue
to produce antibodies, however, they are not as effective
in the absence of the killer T cells.
One unanswered questions is: How does the HIV virus
know exactly what target to focus on? By the time
the AIDS virus understands that the T cells are regarded
as the "brains" of the defence system, it
will be destroyed by the existing system immediately
upon entering the human body. However, it is impossible
for the AIDS virus to conduct any form of intelligence
surveillance prior to entering the human body. How
then has the AIDS virus developed this strategy?
is only the first of many amazing skills mastered
by the AIDS virus.
At the second stage, the virus has to attach itself
to the cells which it has set as a target for itself.
This procedure is not at all difficult for the AIDS
virus. In fact, it attaches to these cells as a key
fits into its lock.
At the third stage, the HIV virus undergoes a series
of miraculous processes, which will ensure its longevity.
The HIV virus is a retrovirus. This means that its
genetic make-up contains solely RNA and no DNA. But
a retrovirus needs DNA to remain alive. To provide
this, it has recourse to a very interesting method:
it uses the nucleic acids of its host cell and converts
its RNA into DNA by means of an enzyme called "the
reverse transcriptase", meaning it will reverse
the process. Then it places this DNA in the DNA found
in the nucleus of its host cell. The inheritance material
of the virus has now become the inheritance material
of the T cell. As the cell multiplies, so does the
HIV virus. The cell starts to work as a factory for
the virus. But invading a single cell does not satisfy
the HIV virus. It will eventually attempt to seize
the whole body.
the fourth stage comes. The initial HIV virus and
others want to leave their host cells and invade other
cells to facilitate their extraordinary proliferation.
They do not expend much effort in doing so. Everything
takes place at a natural pace. The membrane of the
invaded T cells cannot tolerate the pressure of the
multiplication process, and is riddled with holes,
allowing the HIV viruses to get out of the cell to
seek alternative hosts. As the HIV virus increases
in number, it also kills its host T cell.
The successful HIV virus has now completely seized
the human body. Unless mankind succeeds in discovering
an effective cure to beat this virus, it will remain
there. It is entirely at the discretion of the HIV
virus either to lie dormant for many years, or instigate
an immediate attack on the human body.
Why Has a Solution Not Yet Been Found?
After entering the human body, the
HIV virus can produce up to ten billion viruses a
day. The excessive number of viruses produced in one
day is unmanageable, despite the technological advancements
of the day. The HIV virus cannot be considered as
a simple structure. What we have here is a micro-organism,
so advanced and intelligent that it can duplicate
millions of its own copies, possesses a plan to capture
its host cell, and is able to cause the death of a
huge human body.
In addition to the abilities of the HIV virus mentioned
above, the HIV virus is also able to assume varying
forms in an attempt to prevent its capture by the
defence system. This makes the HIV virus immune to
the effects of medications aimed at treating it today.
Modern medicine has attacked the virus with a variety
of medications at the same time and barely succeeded
in dealing with the resistance of the virus. Although
the virus is partially eradicated, the only positive
outcome has been the prolonging of the patients' lives
to a limited extent.
It is of great interest how a virus like the HIV virus
can regenerate itself when faced with the danger of
being eradicated. Scientists are left helpless in
the presence of such skillful tactics.
These are not the only mind-boggling tactics used
by the HIV virus. Helper T cells circulating in the
bloodstream swim along, interlocking with one another
like the metallic projections of a zipper. The HIV
leaps from one T cell to another to avoid contact
with the antibodies in the blood stream. All this
is done by a virus, which is only one micron in size,
possesses no DNA and cannot even be qualified as a
living creature. The extraordinary ability of the
HIV virus to recognize the human body so well, develop
advanced systems to overcome the human body, implement
the necessary strategies without any errors and constantly
modify itself to be protected from all kinds of weapons
used by the body are all truly amazing. This is a
very good example of how helpless mankind is rendered
in the presence of a minute virus, which cannot be
seen with the naked eye.
Bilim ve Teknik Dergisi (Journal of Science and Technology),
Vol 26, No 309, August 1993 p. 567